From Defense to Destruction: How Autoimmune Reactions Alter Blood Sugar via Beta Cells

Autoimmune reactions occur when the body’s immune system, responsible for identifying and neutralizing foreign substances, begins to target its own cells and tissues. This phenomenon results from a breakdown in the immune system’s ability to distinguish between “self” and “non-self” antigens. Instead of protecting the body, the immune system launches attacks on healthy tissues, leading to inflammation, tissue damage, and various autoimmune diseases.