Nepal as a Buffer State: Historical and Geostrategic Insights

Nepal, located strategically between India and China, has historically served as a buffer state, employing diplomatic finesse to safeguard its sovereignty and maintain peace in the region. The Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship, signed in 1950, aimed to strengthen the relationship between the two nations, allowing for the free movement of people and goods. However, the treaty has faced criticism within Nepal, with calls for its revision to reflect changing geopolitical realities.

From its historical role as a buffer between British India and China to its contemporary challenges balancing the interests of India, China, and the United States, Nepal's geopolitical balancing act reflects its commitment to maintaining its independence and territorial integrity. Despite its strategic importance, Nepal chose not to join the Indo-Pacific Strategy, despite participating in IPS meetings, reflecting a divergence in the country's foreign policy. To read more, please visit the link.